• 2015 Mal Lee ‘The Role of IWBs in 2015’ Educational Technology Solutions February 2015

The Role of IWBs in 2015

  • 2014 Mal Lee ‘Paper Based External Exams: Past their Use By Date?’ Educational Technology Solutions¬†

Paper Based External Exams

  • 2014 Mal Lee
  • 2013 Mal Lee ‘Whereto After the Digital Education Revolution’¬†Educational Technology Solutions

Evolutionary Stages of Schooling

  • 2013 Mal Lee ‘Digital Normalisation, School Evolution and BYOT’
  • 2013 Mal Lee ‘Schools Take Charge of Evolution and Technology’
  • 2013 Mal Lee ‘Pathfinder Schools as the New Policy Developers’
  • 2013 Mal Lee ‘BYOT and Choice’
  • 2013 – Mal Lee ‘The Evolutionary Stages of Schooling. Implications for Technology Planning’ Educational Technology Solutions May 2013

 Evolutionary Stages РIT Planning Implications

  • 2013 – Mal Lee Digital Normalisation: Key Variables noted in the Pathfinders

Digital Normalisation – Key Variables

  • Mal Lee (2013) School Websites as Indicators of School’s Evolutionary Position
    Websites as Indicators
  • Mal Lee (2013) The Evolutionary Stages of Schooling: Key Indicators
    Evolutionary Stages of Schooling
  • Mal Lee (2013) Digital Normalisation: Key Variables Evidenced in Pathfinders
    Digital Normalisation – Key Variables
  • Mal Lee (2013) Whereto After the Digital Education Revolution?
    Whereto After the Digital Education Revolution?
  • Mal Lee and Lorrae Ward (2012) Identifying the Benefits of School Technological Change
    Benefits of School Change
  • Mal Lee (2012) ‘Your Website as a Key Performance Indicator’
    Websites as Performance Indicators
  • Mal Lee and Lorrae Ward (2012) ‘Collaboration in Learning’.
    Collaboration in Learning
  • Mal Lee and Lorrae Ward (2012) ‘Managing School Development and Performance in the Networked Mode
  • Managing School Development
    Lorrae Ward (2012) ‘Creating a richer educational environment: Digital bridges and virtual islands’.
    Connecting islands-1
  • Mal Lee and Loretta Kovcoska (2011) ‘Leading a Networked State School’ Australian Educational Leader Vol. 4 2011
    This article explores, through its analysis of the workings of an Australian state primary, the kind of issues needing to be addressed by principals of schools working within the networked mode.
    4-2011-Feature 4-LeeKocovska
  • Mal Lee (2011) ‘One Size Doesn’t Fit All’ Australian Educational Leader Vol. 1 2010
    This article underscores the imperative of each school seeking to normalise the whole school use of the digital, to achieve digital take off and move to a networked operational paradigm having the wherewithal to adopt of developmental strategy apposite for its unique situation.

Every school is unique, with its own distinct context, membership and leadership.

The now ancient ‘one size fits all’ model of school development and technology usage is not only antithetical to that development but markedly hinders school’s efforts.


Mal Lee and Glenn Finger (2010) ‘The Impact of School Organisational Structures on Teacher Agency and Educational Contribution’.
This paper emerged out of research published in 2010, and work undertaken by Lee and Finger with a group of case study schools across the developed world. It was completed on the 25/10/10 after an online discussion with colleagues.

Its importance lies in the recognition that any school wanting to have all its teachers contributing to its on-going evolution will need have all with a macro appreciation of the workings of the school.

The current strongly hierarchical organisational structures used by most schools militate against that and instead promote micro-thinking, limited understanding of the workings of the school and generally serve to disempower most teachers.

This paper argues for that to change.

Impact of Organisational Structures – Into

Mal Lee (2010) ‘Schooling Goes Digital – and Networked’ The Australian Educational Leader Vol. 3 2010
This article provides a succinct overview of the research undertaken on the evolution of schooling.


Mal Lee and Glenn Finger (2010) – ‘Developing a Networked School Community’ – from Teacher August 2010. An extracted summary from Developing a Networked School Community.

Mal Lee (2010) ‘The Home: The forgotten part of the educational equation?’ The Australian Educational Leader Vol 1, 2010.
This short piece was intended to highlight the current historic imbalance in the schooling of the nation’s young globally, with schools focussing increasingly on but the ‘formal’ curriculum and the vital ‘informal’ education being left by default to the parents and students. All of this at a time when the ‘educative’ capacity of the home is burgeoning, but sadly remains unrecognised and untapped.
2010-1-LeadingTechnology-Lee (PDF)

The Home (Word)

Mal Lee (2010) ‘Achieve Total ICT Usage in Schools.’ Educational Technology Solutions 2010.
This article summarises the nine human and technological variables identified in The Use of Instructional Technology in Schools that need to be addressed simultaneously to achieve total teacher use of digital instructional technologies in their everyday teaching.
Total Teacher Usage (PDF)

ETS-Total Teacher ICT Use (Word)

Mal Lee (2010) ‘Rethinking the Funding of School Technology: A Private- Public Model.’ This article appeared in The Australian Educational Leader.
This article suggests it is time for schools and governments across the developed world to recognise the current school technology funding model that has its origins in the 1870’s is long past its ‘use by’ date, and that it would be educationally, socially, economically, organisationally and politically wise in a graduated manner to a private/public funding model.
Rethinking Funding (PDF)

Rethinking Funding (Word)

Mal Lee and Glenn Finger (2010) ‘Developing a Networked School Community and Creating a home-School Nexus’. This brief overview of the nature of the networked school community and how it might be developed appeared as the cover article of Educational Technology Solutions to coincide with the launch of the fuller book.
Developing a Networked School Community and Creating a Home School Nexus – International Paper _ Final (PDF)

Developing a Networked School Community and Creating a Home School Nexus – International Paper _ Final (Word)

Mal Lee (2009) ‘Proactive or Reactive? A new and disturbing digital divide.’ The Australian Educational Leader Vol 1 2009
This article summarises the treatment in The Use of Instructional Technology in Schools of the author’s concept of a ‘proactive – reactive’ schools/education authority continuum, and suggests that the difference in the nature of schooling provided by the proactive and reactive schools is such that students in the latter schools are being markedly educationally disadvantaged.
Since writing the article in 2008 it has become increasingly evident that the divide between the proactive and reactive schools is widening at a disturbing pace. While the pathfinding schools are moving into the networked mode of schooling others – often within the same authority – are still entrenched in the traditional, ‘stand alone’ paper based operational mode, providing an ever more archaic education.

Mal Lee (2009) Rollercoaster: Education and online access Professional Educator Vol 8 No 2 June 2009

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